color wheel terminology
- Primary Colors (Red, Yellow, and Blue) are those that are not formed by the mixing of any other colors and can be said to be "pure" colors.
- Secondary Colors (Orange, Green, and Violet) are those formed by the mixing of two or more primary colors.
- Tertiary Colors (Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, and Red-Violet) are those produced by the mixing of two or more secondary colors.
- Warm Colors (Red, Orange and Yellow) are associated with the warmth of fire and sun.
- Cool Colors (Blue, Green, and Violet) connect in the mind's eye with the coolness of sea, sky, and foliage.
- Hue and Color are synonymous terms and can be used interchangeably. Hue is color in its purest form. The colors of the color wheel are hues.
- Saturation and Chroma are synonymous terms and refer to the intensity of a color. Saturation is determined by how much or how little gray a color contains. (changed by adding the compliment of any given color)
- Value is the lightness or darkness of a color. Lightened values are called "Tints", darkened values are called "Shades", and medium values are called "Midtones". (changed by adding black or white to any given color)
- Analogous Colors